How to Grow Pineapple in Your Home Garden

A pineapple growing outdoors

It is quite possible to grow your own pineapple plant at home. It is a bit easier if you live in a tropical climate, but it can be done almost anywhere, as long as you have a nice sunny, warm spot in your house where the plant can thrive.

  • Pineapple can be reliably grown outdoors in the USDA zones 11-12.
  • It requires 68 degrees F to 86 degrees F for healthy growth. 
  • The best time to plant pineapple is late spring when the temperature stays consistently warm.
  • Winter frost is not tolerable for pineapple.
  • Pineapple requires at least 6 hours of indirect sunlight daily.
  • Pineapple should begin to produce fruit 2-3 years after being planted.  

Materials required to grow Pineapple in Your Home Garden

Growing a pineapple in a home garden requires the following materials and tools:

  1. One Fresh Pineapple – It all starts with a fresh pineapple. Choose a dark golden pineapple to ensure it is fully ripe. If you choose a green pineapple, it will take much longer to reproduce. 
  2. 6-8 inch Pot – Pineapple should not be planted directly into your garden because it will be sensitive to frost and sunburn until it reaches maturity. Planting it in a pot will allow you to protect the young plant from harsh climatic conditions and insect attacks. 
  3. A Sharp Knife – A sharp knife is required to cut off the sword leaves of the pineapple fruit before soaking it in water. 
  4. A Glass Jar – A glass jar is required to soak the pineapple crown for rooting purposes. 
  5. Potting Soil Mix – Organic potting soil is an excellent choice for growing organic pineapple. It contains slow-releasing nutrients that support the growing plant throughout it’s potted life.

Obtain a Pineapple Crown

The easiest way to start a pineapple plant at home is by using a crown. The crown is the leafy top of the pineapple fruit that will be removed and used to grow a new plant. When selecting a crown, look for one that is fresh and has healthy, green leaves. It’s essential to leave a small amount of fruit flesh attached to the bottom of the crown, as this will be its food source and help it grow faster.

Plant the Crown

Once getting a healthy pineapple crown, the next step is to plant it. This can be done by placing the crown in a transparent water-filled jar.  Make sure that the bottom of the crown is in the water and change the water every few days. The pineapple crown should start sprouting within 2-3 weeks.

Transplanting the Crown

Once the crown has developed enough roots (2-3 weeks), you can transplant it into the soil in your 6″-8″ pot. Make sure that the pot has good drainage and is filled with well-draining soil. Water the plant regularly, but do not over-water it, as pineapples are susceptible to root rot.

Ongoing Pineapple Care

Taking care of your pineapple plant is important to keep it growing. If you are a beginner in gardening in general, or are growing pineapple for the first time, here are some of the very useful tips for you to take care of your home-grown pineapple: 

  • Watering: Pineapples need regular watering but do not overwater the plant. Overwatering can lead to root rot. You have to ensure that the soil remains consistently moist, but not wet
  • Fertilize: Pineapples are heavy feeders, so make sure to fertilize them regularly with a healthy and balanced organic fertilizer.
  • Protection from the cold: Pineapples are typically tropical and cannot tolerate winter frost or cold temperatures. If you live in a colder climate, you will need to shelter the plant in a sunny spot inside the house during the winter months.
  • Control pests and diseases: Pineapples can be prone to pests such as mealybugs and spider mites, as well as diseases such as root rot and pineapple wilt. Proper sanitation, ventilation, and feeding will eliminate half the disease or insect pest attack risk.

Harvesting Your Pineapple

Once your pineapple has grown to size and matured, simply hold on to the fruit of the pineapple or its spiked leaves above the fruit and snip the pineapple fruit away from the rest of the plant. Your pineapple will only usually bear one fruit, so you might want to save the top again so that you can start over.


Is it a good idea to grow pineapple in your home garden?

Pineapple (Ananas comosus) belongs to a flowering family (Bromeliads). It is commercially grown in the tropical regions of South and Central America, where the climate is quite favorable for its growth. Growing pineapple in a home garden is delicious and convenient, but it will take 3-4 years to yield fruit. If you live in a colder climate, you will need to keep the plant in a pot so that you can move it indoors when it gets cold.

How long it takes a pineapple to grow into a mature plant?

Growing pineapple can be time-consuming as it grows slowly and matures late. It is a 3-4 week deal, from soaking the crown to rooting. Then comes the transplantation stage. Pineapple is transplanted several times as it grows bigger and bigger. Once in a big enough pot and growing in favorable conditions, a pineapple plant reaches maturity in 3-4 years.

Do pineapple plants need full sunlight?

Yes. Warmer climatic conditions and bright sunlight are mandatory for proper pineapple growth and early maturity. It is one of the ideal plants to grow in home gardens as it requires little space, remains for 3-4 years in containers, and does not require much care for growth. Moreover, there is hardly a disease or insect pest known to be fatal for pineapple. 

How many pineapples will grow from a single pineapple plant?

Pineapple is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the family of succulents. It has sword-like leaves arising from the central stem in a spiral pattern. A single pineapple plant produces one pineapple fruit only.